Heavy drought, Siberian winters, monsoons, and hurricanes: these are just some of the weather extremities that we have seen within the past year. The increase of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) in our atmosphere absorbs infrared radiation and acts as a mirror, continuously reflecting excess radiation back on our earth. Since 1990, CSIRO Australia has stated that carbon dioxide emissions have increased by 58%, allowing an increase in our earth’s temperature and a dramatic change in weather conditions. In 1992, the UN took its first step by drawing out the Framework Convention on Climate Change in which it’s stated that human activity is at fault for the rapid increase in GHGs. This conference pushed forward the idea of “protection of global climate for present and future generations of mankind” by ensuring that GHG concentrations are stabilized. Is this really the case? Doha’s 2012 COP18 conference saw the renewed discussion on the continuation of the Kyoto Protocol that was first issued in 1997. The protocol legislated the compensation of poor countries by rich nations in aiding the reduction of emissions as well as a binding treaty that would ensure the reduction of GHGs that would be in effect by 2020. The Precautionary Principle was also discussed questioning the responsibility of a nation to act on a possible environmental threat without the need for scientific proof backing the hypothetical disaster. The issue of climate change has been exacerbated through the years. With speculations over the reality or seriousness of this subject, will any conclusion be reached upon during THIMUN 2013?
By: Caroline Nunn